UWB Planar Conical Horn-Shaped Self-Complementary Bow-Tie Antenna

Document Type: Research Paper

Authors

Department of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Yasouj University, Yasouj, Iran

Abstract

An ultra-wideband (UWB) self-complementary planar bow-tie antenna (SCPBTA) is proposed. The antenna consists of a printed conical horn-shaped (CHS) radiator and a counterpart CHS slot etched on a rectangular ground plane. The printed CHS radiator is connected directly to the 50Ω microstrip line by bending the end portion of the feed line. As a result, the antenna has a simple structure which does not require impedance matching networks. The antenna with a compact size of 32×38×1.2 mm3 can cover UWB spectrum from 3.1 to 10.6 GHz. The simulation time- and frequency-domain results obtained from HFSS simulator package are verified by experimental measurements. Measured results for the reflection coefficient, far-field radiation patterns, radiation efficiency, gain, and group delay of the designed antenna over the UWB spectrum are presented and discussed. Measured data show good concordance with the numerical results. Also, the fidelity factor is calculated in both E- and H-plane by using CST Microwave Studio. The obtained results in both time- and frequency-domain indicate that the proposed SCPBTA is a good option for most practical UWB applications.

Keywords


[1]     C.-Y. Huang, C.-C. Lin, and W.-F. Chen, “Multiple band-stop bow-tie slot antennas for multiband wireless systems,” IET Microw. Antennas Propag., vol. 2, no. 6, pp. 588–593, September 2008.

[2]     S. A. Rezaeieh, A. MAbbosh, and M. A. Antoniades, “Compact CPW-fed planar monopole antenna with wide circular polarization bandwidth,” IEEE Antennas Wireless Propag. Lett., vol. 12, pp. 1295-1298, September 2013.

[3]     O. Ahmed and A. R. Sebak, “A printed monopole antenna with two steps and a circular slot for UWB applications,” IEEE Antennas Wireless Propag. Lett., vol. 7, pp. 411–413, June 2008.

[4]     H. Oraizi and S. Hedayati, “Miniaturized UWB monopole microstrip antenna design by the combination of GiusepePeano and Sierpinski carpet fractals,” IEEE Antennas Wireless Propag. Lett., vol. 10, pp. 67–70, January 2011.

[5]     A. M. Abbosh and M. E. Bialkowsky, “Design of ultrawideband planar monopole antennas of circular and elliptical shape,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., vol. 56, no. 1, pp. 17-23, January 2008.

[6]     M. Koohestani and M. Golpour, “U-shaped microstrip patch antenna with novel parasitic tuning stubs for ultra wideband applications,” IET Microw. Antennas Propag., vol. 4, no. 7, pp. 938–946, July 2010.

[7]     A. A. Dastranj, “Very small planar broadband monopole antenna with hybrid trapezoidal-elliptical radiator,” IET Microw. Antennas Propag., vol. 11, no. 4, pp. 542-547, March 2017.

[8]     N. Kaneda, W. Deal, Y. Qian, R. Waterhouse, and T. Itoh, “A broad-band planar quasi-Yagi antenna,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., vol. 50, no. 8, pp. 1158–1160, August 2002.

[9]     W. Deal, N. Kaneda, J. Sor, Y. Qian, and T. Itoh, “A new quasi-Yagi antenna for planar active antenna arrays,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory Tech., vol. 48, no. 6, pp. 910–918, June 2000.

[10]  G.-Y. Chen and J.-S. Sun, “A printed dipole antenna with microstrip tapered F,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett., vol. 40, no. 4, pp. 344–346, February 2004.

[11]  G. Zheng, A. A. Kishk, A. B. Yakovlev, and A. W. Glisson, “Simplified feed for a modified printed Yagi antenna,” Electronics Letters, vol. 40, no. 8, pp. 464–466, April 2004.

[12]  A. Mehdipour, K. M. Aghdam, R. Faraji-Dana, and A. R. Sebak, “Modified slot bow-tie antenna for UWB applications,” Microw. Opt. Technol. Lett., vol. 50, no. 2, pp. 429–432, February 2008.

[13]  T. Karacolak, and E.Topsakal, “A double-sided rounded bow-tie antenna (DSRBA) for UWB communication,” IEEE Antennas Wireless Propag. Lett., vol. 5, pp. 446–449, October 2006.

[14]   K. H. Sayidmarie and Y. A. Fadhel, “A planar self-complementary bow-tie antenna for UWB application,” Progress in Electromagnetics Research C, vol. 35, pp. 253-267, 2013.

[15]  S. Mansouri-Moghaddam, P.-S. Kildal, A. A. Glazunov, J. Yang, and M. Gustafsson, “A self-grounded dual-polarized wideband bowtie with improved MIMO performance in Random-LOS,” IEEE International Symposium on Antennas and Propagation (APSURSI), Fajardo, Puerto Rico, 26 June-1 July 2016, pp. 531 – 532.

[16]  A. A. Lestari, A. G. Yarovoy, and L. P. Ligthart, “RC-loaded bow-tie antenna for improved pulse radiation,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., vol. 52, no. 10, pp. 2555–2563, October 2004.

[17] A. Eldek, A. Z. Elsherbeni, and C. E. Smith, “Characteristics of bow-tie slot antenna with tapered tuning stubs for wideband operation,” Progress In Electromagnetics Research, vol. 49, pp. 53–69, 2004.

[18]  Y.-D. Lin, and S.-N. Tsai, “Analysis and design of broadside-coupled striplines-fed bow-tie antennas,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., vol. 46, no. 3, pp. 459–460, March 1998.

[19]  D. Uduwawala, M. Norgren, P. Fuks, and A. W. Gunawardena, “A deep parametric study of resistor-loaded bow-tie antennas for ground penetrating radar applications using FDTD,” IEEE Trans. Geoscience Remote Sensing, vol. 42, no 4, pp. 732–742, April 2004.

[20]  C. Waldschnidt and K. D. Palmer, “Loaded wedge bow-tie antenna using linear profile,” Electronics Letters, vol. 37, pp. 208–209, 2001.

[21]  A. A. Eldek, A. Z. Elsherbeni, and C. E. Smith, “Wide-band modified printed bow-tie antenna with single and dual polarization for C- and X-band applications,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., vol. 53, no. 9, pp. 3067–3072, September 2005.

[22]  Y. C. Chen, S. Y. Chen, and P. Hsu, “A compact triband bow-tie slot antenna fed by a coplanar waveguide,” IEEE Antennas Wireless Propag. Lett., vol. 9, pp. 1205–1208, December 2010.

[23]  A. C. Durgun, C. A. Balanis, C. R. Birtcher, and D. R. Allee, “Design, simulation, fabrication and testing of flexible bow-tie antennas,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., vol. 59, no. 12, pp. 4425-4435, December 2011.

[24]  J. Yang and A. Kishk, “A novel low-profile compact directional ultrawideband antenna: the self-grounded bow-tie antenna,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., vol. 60, no. 3, pp. 1214–1220, March 2012.

[25]  D. Li and J.-F. Mao, “A koch-like sided fractal bow-tie dipole antenna,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., vol. 60, no. 5, pp. 2242-2251, May 2012.

[26]  M. A. Antoniades and G. V. Eleftheriades, “Multiband compact printed dipole antennas using NRI-TL metamaterial loading,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., vol. 60, no. 12, pp. 5613–5626, December 2012.

[27]  O. Yurduseven, D. Smith, and M. Elsdon, “Printed slot loaded bow-tie antenna with super wideband radiation characteristics for imaging applications,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., vol. 61, no. 12, pp. 6206-6210, December 2013.

[28]  H. W. Liu, X. Zhan, S. Li, J. H. Lei, and F. Qin, “Dual-band bow-tie slot antenna fed by coplanar waveguide,” Electronics Letters, vol. 50, no. 19, pp. 1338-1340, September 2014.

[29]  M. Jalilvand, X. Li, J. Kowalewski, and T. Zwick, “Broadband miniaturized bow-tie antenna for 3D microwave tomography,” Electronics Letters, vol. 50, no. 4, pp. 244-246, February 2014.

[30]  S. Mukherjee, A. Biswas, and K. V. Srivastava, “Broadband substrate integrated waveguide cavity-backed bow-tie slot antenna,” IEEE Antennas Wireless Propag. Lett., vol. 13, pp. 1152-1155, June 2014.

[31]  T. Li, H. Zhai, X. Wang, L. Li, and C. Liang, “Frequency-reconfigurable bow-tie antenna for Bluetooth, WiMAX, and WLAN applications,” IEEE Antennas Wireless Propag. Lett., vol. 14, pp. 171-174, February 2015.

[32]  L. Xu, L. Li, and W. Zhang, “Study and design of broadband bow-tie slot antenna fed with asymmetric CPW,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., vol. 63, no. 2, pp. 760-765, February 2015.

[33]  Y.-W.Zhong, G.-M. Yang, and L.-R. Zhong, “Gain enhancement of bow-tie antenna using fractal wideband artificial magnetic conductor ground,” Electronics Letters, vol. 51, no. 4, pp. 315-317, February 2015.

[34]  A. Dadgarpour, B. Zarghooni, B. S. Virdee, and T. A. Denidni, “Millimeter-wave high-gain SIW end-fire bow-tie antenna,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., vol. 63, no. 5, pp. 2337-2342, May 2015.

[35]  J. D. Kraus, “Antennas for all applications,” McGraw-Hill, New York, 1988, 2 edn.

[36]  Y. Mushiake, “Self-complementary antennas,” IEEE Antennas Propag. Mag., vol. 34, no. 9, pp. 23-29, December 1992.

[37]  K. P. Ray, “Design aspects of printed monopole antennas for ultra-wide band applications,” Int. J. Antennas Propag., pp. 1-8, 2008.

[38]  S. M. J. Razavi, D. Basaery, and S. H. Mohseni-Armaki, “Radiation pattern analysis of inverted-F antenna mounted on the side wall of a long cylinder,” Journal of Communication Engineering, vol. 7, no 2, pp. 1-11, July-December 2018. 

[39]  C. A. Balanis, Antenna theory: Analysis and design, 2rd ed, Wiley, New York, 1997.

[40]  Q. Wu, R. Jin, J. Geng, and M. Ding, “Pulse preserving capabilities of printed circular disk monopole antennas with different grounds for the specified input signal forms,” IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag., vol. 55, no. 10, pp. 2866–2873, October 2007.